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The Programme of the Education
The Programme for a SPA trainer


1. The exact name of the association: The Serbian Psychodrama Association SPA Moreno

2. The exact name of the mode: Psychodrama

3. The address of the association, town, telephone: 41 27th March street, the flat number 78, Belgrade, telephones: 3221-704, 064/ 1200-891, 063/ 7718-658, 063/ 262847

4. E-mail address of the association:

5. The association's Internet site

6. The names of the president and other official members of the association:

The president: Dusan Potkonjak, The Board members representatives in the Educational Board of SDPS: Dragan Milivojevic; and Daniela Jovanovic;, the rest of the Board members of SPA Moreno

7. The educational degrees of the association: A: THE FIRST DEGREE EXAM passed; B: THE SECOND DEGREE EXAM passed; the final THIRD DEGREE EXAM passed and the acquired title: The psychodrama psychotherapist. The education consists of the Clinical and the Non-clinical Programme. C: passed exam for the title of the TRAINER of SPA Moremp

8. The types and the exact names of the certificates the association issues: THE FIRST DEGREE education of SPA Moreno, THE SECOND DEGREE education of SPA Moreno, THE THIRD FINAL DEGREE education of SPA Moreno; THE TRAINER of SPA Moreno

9. The short history of the development of the mode, that is the origin of the association: still before the formal registration of SPA Moreno, the present president of the association SPA Dusan Potkonjak had the first experiences of the psychodrama and the group analysis with Malcolm Pines in London in 1978. In 1984 Dusan Potkonjak established the contacts with The British Psychodrama Association BPA and began the psychodrama training. In 1986 Dusan Potkonjak organizes the first psychodrama workshop which was led by Andrew Powell who will lead the workshops in Belgrade every year till September 1991. The psychodrama training in Belgrade was also led by Mike Watson, John Casson, Ken Spregue, Rudi Nojgard, Suzy Taylor. From 1988 Dusan Potkonjak leads the first experiential-educational psychodrama group in Belgrade once per week. The present psychodrama trainers in Belgrade came from that group. In 1990 the exam for the introductory degree of psychodrama was organized and led by Andrew Powell. In 1991 Dusan Potkonjak graduated from the psychodrama with Marcia Karp in BPA. In 1991 Marcia Karp, the pupil of the creator of psychodrama, Jakob Moreno, led the psychodrama workshop in Belgrade. At the end of 1991 the psychodrama education started for the new generation of about 30 students. In October 1992 the education began for another generation of 30 students. The chief trainer of the informal psychodrama association is Dusan Potkonjak and his assistants are: Jasna Veljkovic;, Vladimir Milosevic;, Zoran Djuric; and Zoran Ilic;. In 1992 the students took the second degree exam. In January 1994 Dusan Potkonjak went to London where he has been working as a psychiatrist and the psychodrama trainer in BPA. Every year he comes to Belgrade where he continues leading of psychodrama education. About 1999 Veljkovic;, Milosevic, Djuric and Ilic founded formally YUPA as a separate psychodrama association. Dusan Potkonjak with his collaborators and students founded SPA Moreno in 2002 and officially registered the association u July 2004. In 2005 it became the member of SDPS. In 2006 SPA Moreno organized the first Play Back Theatre workshop led by Di Adderley.

10. The mission of the association: developing and promoting of psychodrama, sociodrama, group therapy and Play Back Theatre on the level of education and therapy in the clinical and non-clinical programmes and the interpersonal relationships in small and big groups in the society as a whole. We would also like to apply the psychodrama to promotion of the relationships in working organizations, companies, schools and other teams and in Play Back Theatre.

11. The outline of the specific features of this psychotherapeutic mode: Psychodrama is a form of the group psychotherapy. It is an action method which uses the elements of drama and spontaneous improvising theatre. The interpersonal relationships and various roles we play in real life are explored in the group on the psychodrama scene. The past, present and future, reality, fantasy, dreams, outer and inner world are explored. In psychodrama session, as in every group psychotherapy session, the group process is followed. Later on, starting from the themes from the group process, the warming up emerges. The group members stand up and assisted by the action, explore the themes from the warming up following their associations and relationships with the group members. The stress is not only on the verbal communication but also on the acting out on the scene which increases the emotional tone and vitality. During the group process, the group members who want that may become the protagonists and with the assistance of the group, they can explore the interpersonal relationships and important events on the scene and the other group members, chosen by the protagonsit, will play the significant persons from their lives. This is Scene Action part of the psychodrama session. When a life situation is explored on the psychodrama scene, when the protagonist addresses directly the other person, a higher emotional tone and vitality are achieved and more associations are triggered than in mere verbal communication. Touch sometimes triggers the whole gestalt of the experiences and memories. When it is convenient, the protagonist and his significant person reverse the roles. The protagonist in the role of other person can see himself better, he increases empathy and he moves from the transference relationships to the genuine encounter of mutual empathy, the Tele relationship. The protagonist can notice his authentic but once suppressed needs, the possible selfsabotage, the relationships and behaviour which he perhaps unproductively repeated in the previous relatioships and groups, he can connect the present with the important relationships and events from the past. The group members, who constitute the public, but feel empathy with the protagonist may come to the scene, stand behind the protagonist and in their empathy with the protagonist as a protagonist's double display their empathic feelings with the protagonist. The protagonist can accept the doubling if he feels it appropriate. Sometime the protagonist and the group experience the catharsis. When the scene part is over, the group members sit around and share their experiences and associations. This final part of a psychodrama session is called sharing.

12. The approximate number of students in all levels. The educational group consists of 20 students, 4 senior students who passed the first and second degree exam. A holder of the national certificate is also Dusan Potkonjak, who is also the British Psychodrama Association trainer, 5 co-trainers, holders of the European certificate.

13. The official educators of the association: the chief trainer is Dušan Potkonjak who is also a BPA trainer. The psychodrama assistant trainers: Jasna Veljkovic and Slavko Mackic. The assistant trainers of the group analysis as an additional psychotherapy: Tija Despotovic, Marija Vezmar and Ljilja Milivojevic.

14. The official supervisors of the association are: Marcia Karp and Monica Zureti who graduated from the psychodrama with its founder, Jakob Moreno. John Casson, senior BPA trainer, is also a supervisor.

15. The outline of the trainings which are organized by the association: The education takes place in the educational-experiential psychodrama groups which last 180 or 240 minutes respectively. The students have the total sum of 810 hours in the educational-experiential psychodrama groups. The session consists of warming up when the group developments are followed. On the basis of the group developments, the action warming up is continuing. Students who want it and when they are supported by the group may become the protagonists and explore the scenes from their lives and important interpersonal relationships on the psychodrama scene and the other group members may be chosen to play the important persons from the protagonist's life. Along with the scenes from the protagonist's life, the interpersonal relationships in the group are followed on the psychodrama scene. After the action part on the scene has been finished, the students sit around and share their experiences after having played the scene part. This is a sharing. The students in the education also analyze the previous scene. This is a process. The education is divided into three degrees. After each degree the practical exam is taken. The student leads the group by himself in front of the Examining Board consisting of three trainers. The students also have another 214 hours of the group analysis as the additional psychotherapy independent from the psychodrama educational-experiential groups. There is another 400 hours of theory which consist of 50 theoretical sessions with the trainer, 40 students study sessions and about 15 written papers and an extensive clinical work which consists of the analysis of 80 sessions which the student led by himself after having passed the second degree exam. It is necessary to have another 400 hours of the group leading under supervision. This consists of 80 sessions which the student led by himself and that makes up 240 hours of group leading and still 160 hours under supervision.

16. The actual conditions in terms of hours necessary for acquiring the certificate. The association presribes 810 hours in an educational-experiential psychodrama group, 214 hours of the group analysis as an additional psychotherapy, 400 hours of theory, 400 hours consisting of 80 sessions led by the students under supervision, totally 1824 hours for the final third degree exam of the education organized by SPA Moreno. There is an additional two year programme and the exam for the title of the trainer of SPA Moreno.

17. The options: the student may finish a part of the theory and a part of the additional psychotherapy in some other psychotherapeutic mode or in some other psychodrama association. But it is necessary to have 70% of hours of the education with the SPA Moreno trainers.

18. The date of delivering the data and the name of the person that guarantees the validity of the given data: July 2006.

Dusan Potkonjak and the members of the SPA Moreno Board.